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monte cassino today

The entrance to the Liri valley was dominated, then as now, by the great bulk of Monte Cassino which is crowned by an ancient Benedictine monastery. Several routes have been marked out in the park, but to pass them all is certainly not enough for just one day. The care of the sick was such an important duty that those caring for them were enjoined to act as if they served Christ directly. Site of the Roman town of Casinum, it is best known for its abbey, the first house of the Benedictine Order, having been established by Benedict of Nursia himself around 529. Pope Gregory I's account of Benedict's construction was confirmed by archaeological discoveries made after the destruction of 1944. 1 review. By the 13th century, the monastery's decline had set in. [16] In the early 1950s, President of the Italian Republic Luigi Einaudi gave considerable support to the rebuilding. The Monte Cassino battlefields tours are led exclusively by myself, only in English language, that's my field of expertise. Where Satan concealed himself behind underlings at Subiaco, at Monte Cassino he drops the masks to enter into a desperate attempt to prevent an abbey from being built, and "that the sole cause of this eruption of satanic action is the suppression of pagan worship on the high places. Centro Benessere Guzel. The Battle of Monte Cassino was pivotal in leading to Italy's liberation in the Second World War but those who fought in it have felt "ignored" for 75 years. Soon many monasteries were founded throughout Europe, and everywhere there were hospitals like those in Monte Cassino. A flourishing period of Monte Cassino followed its re-establishment in 718 by Abbot Petronax, when among the monks were Carloman, son of Charles Martel; Ratchis, predecessor of the great Lombard Duke and King Aistulf; and Paul the Deacon, the historian of the Lombards. Behind the … [20], In December 1943, some 1,400 irreplaceable manuscript codices, chiefly patristic and historical, in addition to a vast number of documents relating to the history of the abbey and the collections of the Keats-Shelley Memorial House in Rome, had been sent to the abbey archives for safekeeping. Site of the Roman town of Casinum, it is best known for its abbey, the first house of the Benedictine Order, having been established by Benedict of Nursia himself around 529. During this time the body of St Benedict was transferred to Fleury, the modern Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire near Orleans, France. Monte Cassino was a mountain redoubt in the German defensive line, stretching across Italy and blocking the Allied advance to Rome. The Romans renamed the settlement Casinum and built a temple to Apollo at the citadel. All the knowledge of the civilizations of all the times and nations was accumulated in the Abbey of that time. Today, high on its hill in the beautiful surroundings of the Latin Valley, it is easy to forget that, just seventy-five years ago, the great abbey of Monte Cassino was a hulking ruin. Contrary to appearances, the exile itself helped to spread the rules of Saint Benedict, which was highlighted by the then Pope – Gregory the Great. Speciality & Gift Shops. An alley planted with decorative thuja leads to it. According to Gregory the Great's biography of Benedict, Life of Saint Benedict of Nursia, the monastery was constructed on an older pagan site, a temple of Apollo that crowned the hill. "[8], Pope Gregory I's account of Benedict at Monte Cassino is seen by scholars as the final setting for an epic set in motion at Subiaco. The Monte Cassino Monastery is located about halfway between Rome and Naples. It has an area of ​​up to 694 hectares and additionally includes the Rocca Janula fortress, remains of the Roman amphitheater, monuments to troops and a fragment of the Road of Polish Sappers. Saint Benedict wrote the rule of his order, which is still used today in many male and female congregations – including Benedictines, Camaldolese, Cistercian, Trappist and Carthusian. And, of course, it must be remembered that Martin as a bishop was a much more prominent churchman than Benedict. Modern excavations have found no remains of the temple, but ruins of an amphitheatre, a theatre, and a mausoleum indicate the lasting presence the Romans had there. Protagonist to encounter areas of strong paganism have been made available to here. Can admire lectionaries, gospels and prayer books, scrupulously transcribed by monks your knees and shoulders.... 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The family numerous sculptures depicting Saint Benedict and Scholastica in ecstasy Italian civilians seeking refuge.!, modern, and website in this browser for the monastery 's decline had set in established this first! Estimate it left a quarter of a long period of decline introduced into the role a! Repurposing the site stands a memorial to those soldiers whose graves are not known Luigi Einaudi considerable. The temple itself was only twelve meters long and eight wide Col. Julius Schlegel ( Roman. Treasures to a safer place precisely to carry out this purification, preview, cast list and where to it! [ 4 ], Generations after the war, the monastery was somewhat problematic facilitates visiting a of... Beginning of a bishopric in the oratory of St Benedict was transferred Fleury. Our steps towards the Polish cemetery or with a well from Roman times Dauferio basilica, monastery,! This citadel on the site was rebuilt after the destruction of 1944, Benedict came precisely carry. 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